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产后恢复女性身体都会发生的变化

时间:2018-03-27 来源:http://www.sdchanhou.com/ 作者:admin 点击:
恶露:正常的恶露有血腥味,但不臭,大约在产后3周变得干净。剖宫产的产妇恶露时间比阴道分娩的要长些。通过对恶露的观察,注意其质和量、颜色及气味的变化以及子宫复旧的情况可以了解子宫恢复是不是正常。
Lochia: normal lochia has the smell of blood, but not smelly, in about 3 weeks postpartum become clean. Caesarean lochia time is longer than some vaginal delivery. Through the observation of lochia, pay attention to the quality and quantity, change color and odor and uterine involution can realize the recovery of the uterus is not normal.
急时乳房护理:产后要近早给宝宝吮吸乳房。不能过早按摩乳房,以免引起出血过多。同时,也应避免乳房胀痛(乳汁淤积)、无乳、急性乳腺炎、乳头凹陷。
Emergency Breast Nursing: after postpartum to baby sucking breast. Not early massage breast, so as not to cause excessive bleeding. At the same time, we should also avoid breast distention (milk deposition), milk free, acute mastitis and nipple depression.
子宫复旧:子宫复旧的快慢与产妇的年龄、分娩次数、全身健康状况、产程长短、分娩方式及是否哺乳有一定关系。有胎盘或胎膜残留,子宫内膜炎、盆腔炎、子宫后屈、子宫有肌瘤等情况会妨碍子宫复旧。因此,产后应早下床活动,月子期间也要适当卧床。
Speed: uterine involution and maternal uterine involution age, delivery times, general health, labor process, mode of delivery and whether there is a certain relationship between breastfeeding. There is residual placenta or fetal membranes, endometritis, pelvic inflammation, uterine fibroids, uterine retroflexion, there will hinder the involution of uterus. Therefore, postpartum should be in bed early and should be properly bed during the month of the month.
保持会阴清洁:产后擦洗会阴每天至少2次,大便后加洗1次。擦洗时要用棉球蘸无菌清水或生理盐水,先擦阴阜及两侧阴唇,后擦肛门,不可由肛门开始向前擦,擦洗后应换上消毒的会阴垫。此外,内衣裤也应勤换洗,并在日光下曝晒以达到杀菌目的。
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Keep the perineum clean: postpartum rinse the perineum at least 2 times a day and wash 1 times after the stool. To scrub with a cotton ball dipped in sterile water or saline, wipe monsveneris and on both sides of the labia, and finally wipe the anus, not by anus began to rub, after cleaning should be put on sterile perineal pad. In addition, underwear should also wash, and in the sunlight exposure in order to achieve the purpose of sterilization.
洗澡:产后汗腺活跃,产妇大量出汗,乳房淌奶,阴道又有恶露排泄,全身发粘,需要比平时更讲究卫生,急时清洗。产后洗澡应当选择淋浴,禁止盆浴,浴后要防止受凉。
Bath: maternal postpartum sweat glands active, sweating, breast milk and ice, vaginal excretion lochia, body sticky, need to pay attention to health more than usual, anxious when cleaning. Postpartum bath should choose the shower, ban bath, after the bath to prevent the cold.
刷牙:妇女怀孕后,由于雌激素的作用易患牙龈炎,食物残留牙缝中的机会增多,经细菌分解产生的酸性物质腐 蚀牙面,可产生龋齿或其他牙病。因此,要坚持早、晚刷牙,且饭后漱口以保护牙齿。
Brush: pregnant women, due to the effects of estrogen on susceptibility to gingivitis, food residue in the teeth to increase, by acid etching dental bacterial decomposition of the surface, can be generated or other dental caries. Therefore, it is necessary to brush your teeth early and late and gargle after meals to protect the teeth.
性生活:产后正常的性生活应在分娩3个月以后进行,过早性生活会罹患盆腔疾病,有损健康。产后生殖道感染或会阴伤口愈合不好的女性,还应推迟性生活。在哺乳期内,女性不宜使用避孕药避孕,因为避孕药抑制乳汁分泌,还会对婴儿产生不利影响。
Sex life: normal postpartum sexual life should be carried out after 3 months of childbirth, premature sexual life will suffer from pelvic disease and damage health. Women who suffer from postpartum genital tract infection or perineal wound healing should also postpone sexual life. During the lactation period, women should not use contraceptive contraception, because the contraceptive pill inhibits the milk secretion and will have adverse effects on the baby.
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