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产后问题有哪些需要引起注意?

时间:2020-08-11 来源:http://www.sdchanhou.com/ 作者:chanhou 点击:
  一、腹直肌分离有哪些危害?
  1、 What harm does rectus abdominis separate have?
  维持腹内压的肌肉有盆底肌群和腹壁周围的腹直肌、腹内外斜肌等。腹直肌分离、腹内外斜肌过度拉伸后整个腹肌就会逐渐无力,不能有效维持腹内压,逐渐腹部膨出。此外,在妊娠和生产过程中,盆底肌群损伤很常见,也会影响腹内压维持。此外还会出现腹腔脏器失去腹直肌支撑发生位移,加重腹部向外膨隆。十分严重的腹直肌分离产妇会在腹部明显感受到下陷的松弛皮肤,好似一个坑,向内甚至能够摸到小肠等脏器。
  The muscles that maintain intra-abdominal pressure include pelvic floor muscles, rectus abdominis around abdominal wall, internal and external oblique muscles, etc. After the separation of rectus abdominis and over stretching of the internal and external oblique muscles, the whole abdominal muscles will gradually become weak, unable to maintain the intra-abdominal pressure effectively, and the abdomen will gradually bulge. In addition, pelvic floor muscle injury is common during pregnancy and childbirth, which can also affect the maintenance of intra-abdominal pressure. In addition, abdominal distention will be aggravated. In severe cases of rectus abdominis separation, lying in women will obviously feel the sagging loose skin in the center of the abdomen, like a pit, and even feel the small intestine and other organs inward.
  二、产后腰痛、膝关节痛、骨盆前倾、腰臀酸软无力由于腹壁失去腹直肌、腹内外斜肌的支持,再加上盆底肌群劳损,导致腹部膨出、内脏移位,这样会让妇女身体前移。为了维持身体平衡,在行走和坐下的时候,不得不增加腰椎曲度,腰椎前挺,骨盆就会前倾代偿,膝关节为了维持上身平衡也会因为韧带和肌肉牵拉、关节磨损引发病变,引起生产后的妇女腰痛、膝关节疼痛等继发性改变。长期以往,腹内压逐渐增高,形体改变越来越难恢复,其他解剖改变包括腰椎前突、 骨盆前倾、竖脊肌缩短、臀肌缩短无力。
  2、 Postpartum low back pain, knee joint pain, pelvic anteversion, lumbar and gluteal weakness due to the loss of abdominal wall rectus muscle, abdominal internal and external oblique muscle support, coupled with pelvic floor muscle group strain, leading to abdominal bulge, visceral displacement, which will make women's body gravity forward. In order to maintain body balance, when walking and sitting down, we have to increase the curvature of the lumbar spine, and the pelvis will tilt forward to compensate. In order to maintain the balance of the upper body, the knee joint will also be affected by ligament and muscle traction and joint wear, which will cause secondary changes in women's low back pain and knee joint pain after delivery. For a long time, the intra-abdominal pressure gradually increased, and the body changes became more and more difficult to recover. Other anatomical changes included lumbar protrusion, pelvic anteversion, shortening of erector spinalis muscle, and shortening and weakness of gluteus muscle.
                         山东产后恢复
  三、产后束腰越早越好?
  3、 Postpartum girdle waist earlier better?
  产后妈妈的体抗力下降,过早的束腰会使盆腔血液运行不畅,容易引起诸如附件炎、盆腔炎、尿路感染等妇科炎症。束腰过紧时,容易影响妈妈正常呼吸,导致头晕、胸闷等症状,还可能使腹压升高导致子宫下垂,或是影响胃肠道功能,引发便秘和痔疮。所以,产后妈妈应充分认识到过早束腰对身体的危害,积极采取母乳喂养、科学饮食、加强锻炼的方式促进产后康复和体型恢复。
  Postpartum mother's body resistance decreased, premature waist binding will make pelvic blood flow is not smooth, easy to cause such as appendicitis, pelvic inflammation, urinary tract infection and other gynecological inflammation. When the waist is too tight, it is easy to affect the mother's normal breathing, leading to dizziness, chest tightness and other symptoms. It may also increase abdominal pressure, lead to uterine ptosis, or affect gastrointestinal function, causing constipation and hemorrhoids. Therefore, postpartum mothers should be fully aware of the harm of premature waist girdling, and actively take breastfeeding, scientific diet, strengthen exercise to promote postpartum rehabilitation and body shape recovery.
  四、生完宝宝之后频繁出汗就是虚弱?
  4、 Is sweating frequently after giving birth to a baby weak?
  由于孕期体内血容量增加,使大量的水分在体内潴留,分娩之后,随着新陈代谢和内分泌活动的降低,体内潴留的水分也逐渐转化成汗液,从皮肤排出体外,这与病态的虚弱有着本质的区别.
  The new supersedes the old. * * the increase of blood volume during pregnancy makes the retention of large amounts of water in the body. After delivery, with the decrease of metabolism and endocrine activity, the water in the body gradually becomes sweat, which is discharged from the skin, which is essentially different from the pathological weakness.
  另外,产后妈妈喝汤水较多,也是多汗的原因之一,这种多汗的现象一般会在产后10天左右逐渐消失,所以,妈妈不必为此过于担忧。
  In addition, postpartum mother drink more soup water, is also one of the reasons for sweating, this kind of sweating phenomenon will generally disappear about 10 days after delivery, so, mother need not worry too much about this.
 
 
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